Publishers Weekly is running a very positive review for How to Read Nonfiction Like a Professor in the March 30 edition. Unless you are in the book biz, chances are you’ve never heard of it, but it is hugely important in the industry. Best of all, the review contains the words “zippy” and “pragmatic” separated only by a comma. Never got that before. Imagine–zippy!
How to Read Nonfiction Like a Professor by Thomas C. Foster
Foster, a University of Michigan–Flint emeritus professor of English, proposes ways for readers to read “past the surface” of nonfiction texts in this approachable guide. It expands Foster’s “how to read” series (How to Read Poetry Like a Professor, etc.), with Foster observing early on that “nonfiction has just as many, and very likely more, genres than does fiction.” Adopting a conversational tone, he succinctly tackles everything from textbooks, history books, and biographies to journalism, op-eds, and “web-specific forms” such as blogs and social media posts. From parsing the unique rules that “govern how information is offered to readers” to uncovering “where we think our bias lies,” the book grounds its approach in relevant examples, including the proliferation of “fake news” in general, and, in particular, the Russian misinformation campaign during the 2016 presidential election. Perhaps most importantly, Foster writes, readers must learn “to ask questions of the article or book and its author.” His zippy, pragmatic book will appeal to readers in search of guidance on separating fact from fiction in an age of information overload. Agent: Faith Hamlin, Sanford J. Greenburger Assoc. (May)
For New Year’s Eve 2019, a pensée, which is just a thought-flower that knows French:
Days of Janus
The turning of the year has us looking fore-and-aft
mixing hope and regret, plans
and failure, a chance to learn, were we capable
Two-faced god with a month named for him
deity of portals and doorways
abiding spirit of anxiety and indecision
Laughter from tears, weeping from smiles
emperor of the theater
the globe where all the world’s a stage
A month will not suffice in this life where
every day begins and ends
a month, a year, a century, an eternity
As we move through the last months of 2019, I have been thinking about the cinematic year exactly eighty years ago. The story has long been that 1939 was the greatest year in Hollywood history. The late William Goldman, screenwriter for Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, Marathon Man, and All the President’s Men, has a great riff in Adventures in the Screen Trade about how Beau Geste and Stagecoach and Dark Victory and Goodbye, Mr. Chips and Gunga Din and Mr. Smith Goes to Washington and several other worthies didn’t win the best picture Oscar because that was the year of The Wizard of Oz. Which didn’t win because that was the year of Gone with the Wind. Lately, a trope has sprung up among film writers questioning that common wisdom, and there is plenty of room for challengers. The debate, if that what it is, bores me, if only because the issue is ultimately undecidable. Perhaps we might instead celebrate every year that produces great movies, which would be quite a lot. That way, everybody can win the argument.
But just in case you weren’t around and watching movies in 1939 (which would be nearly all of us), here are a few more remarkable films from what is undoubtedly a great year:
The Hunchback of Notre Dame, with Charles Laughton
Wuthering Heights, with a young Lawrence Olivier and Merle Oberon
The Women, Joan Crawford, Norma Shearer, and a young Rosalind Russell
Jesse James, the second biggest grossing pic, after GWTW
Young Mr. Lincoln, with a youngster named Henry Fonda
Ninotchka, whose tagline was, “Garbo Laughs”–and she does
Drums along the Mohawk, directed by John Ford, again with Fonda (who also has second billing in Jesse James
The Hound of the Baskervilles, yes, Basil Rathbone
The Three Musketeers, starring that suave devil, Don Ameche
The Man in the Iron Mask, Louis Hayward and Joan Bennett
Jamaica Inn, an early Hitchcock classic with Charles Laughton as the heavy
Destry Rides Again, with Marlene Dietrich singing
and Ice Follies of 1939 (James Stewart and Joan Crawford in a film “Sparkling with Stars, Gayety, and Music. Even in a banner year, some silliness obtains.)
Toni Morrison, as you will have heard, died this week. The many news outlets will have covered her more fully and better than I can here. So rather than offer a retrospective, I want to share some thoughts that I haven’t heard expressed. I only hope they do her justice.
Among the avalanche of Morrisonia the week brought was one that claimed that she was America’s greatest writer. My immediate response was, not sure I could or would refute it, but how does one judge? I cannot. What I can say is that, for me, she is one of three indispensable contemporary novelists, along with Gabriel García Marquéz and John Fowles. They were of the same generation, Fowles having arrived on the scene a year before García Marquéz and five before Morrison. Their oeuvres were light on titles but dense. And they showed us new possibilities for the novel–new forms, new subjects, new treatments, new and stunning uses of language. Morrison’s language was poetic, soaring and earthy, sometimes all at the same time. I once had a student, a journalist lately returned to school, who simply could not get with Song of Solomon because it was too purple. Of course, his rigorous training in the limiting language of newspapers and his fondness for Hemingway made her style harder to accept. Yet her language was, like that of the other two writers, perfectly suited to the task at hand. And magnificent.
All three brought something else readers desperately needed: magic. Fowles offered a special kind of magic, born out of the novel’s form and the possibilities contained in it, possibilities no one had ever quite explored before. The tired term “magical realism” (I may have helped tire it out) was inevitably applied to GGM’s work, but that was all right, since he and his fellow Latin American writers of the Boom were first responsible for it. But when applied to Morrison’s, it made her sound derivative, and that is something she never was. Morrison’s magic was unique to her, owing only to the her own experience in her own place and time, where one child could be nicknamed Milkman and his best friend Guitar, where there were flying Africans and ghostly daughters.
In 1981, John Barth, no slouch among inventive novelists, published an essay called “The Literature of Replenishment,” in which he offered a mea culpa for having declared a mere four years earlier that the novel had exhausted its possibilities. Suddenly, he had discovered, maybe some new approaches had indeed turned up on the doorstep. As evidence, he gave us the examples of Gabo, whom we’ve been discussing, and the Italian arch-postmodernist Italo Calvino. He wasn’t wrong, but maybe the initial diagnosis had been. In an eleven-year period ending in 1977, the year of that premature postmortem, three novels appeared that blew up our understanding of what the novel could do: Gabo’s One Hundred Years of Solitude, Fowles’s The French Lieutenant’s Woman, and Song of Solomon. Thank you, Toni Morrison, for the many gifts.
Tatran Publishing has brought out Literature and Novels with the magnifying glasses. I miss those guys. Both books had already come out in the Czech Republic, so I feel like a one-man international incident.
May 25 is Ralph Waldo Emerson’s birthday (1803). He is one of the great essayists America has produced. And as a poet, he’s a great essayist. This piece by Dan Chiasson, another poet, gets at Emerson’s importance for American poetry.