Today is the birthday of novelist John Fowles (1926). When people were declaring the death of the novel in the Sixties, he published two of the most compelling novels of our era, The Magus (1966) and The French Lieutenant’s Woman (1969). The latter is my favorite novel, period. A stroke in 1988 robbed him of the ability to plan and execute large-scale fiction for the last seventeen years of his life. He said of my book on him that he felt the patient was treated fairly well, so that endeared him to me further. Here’s his Paris Review interview:
Today is the anniversary of the birth of Robert Frost (1874), the indispensable American poet. There were good and sound reasons that his poetry was included in one of those “Why We Fight” paperbacks issued to soldiers in WWII. You can find out the details about him in lots of places, but here’s one you might not know: he is a major force in English poetry. I can hardly tell you how many British poets claim him as a major influence. Among them were two of the best, Seamus Heaney and Ted Hughes, both of whom make much use of nature and farm life in their verse. If those are your subjects, who better than Frost?
He’s outlasted everybody! Today, Lawrence Ferlinghetti turns 98. He may be the single most important figure in First Amendment issues related to publishing in the country. His only competition would be Barney Rosset of Grove Press, who won the right to publish Lady Chatterley’s Lover. But the Howl trial was first, and Ferlinghetti took the risk to publish this shocking poem by an unknown poet, just for the privilege of fighting government censors. He is also a major poet in his own right. As my friend Danny Rendleman says, A Coney Island of the Mind was the first book of poems every young person of his generation bought if he or she thought poetry might be a possible, if largely unpaid, career. And LF’s “Loud Prayer” is one of the highlights of Martin Scorcese’s film about The Band’s final concert, The Last Waltz. Here’s a link to an NPR profile from 2015, when Ferlinghetti was just a kid of 96:
I’ve spent the last day thinking about what made Chuck Berry the indispensable man of rock-n-roll. Actually, I’ve spent a number of years thinking about it; in any case, here’s what I’ve come to. Of course the songwriting is brilliant; we can take it as a given. And the combination of speed and clarity is miraculous. But the thing that makes him revered among later rockers is the sound: in a three-man rock ensemble of drums, piano, and guitar, there are three percussion instruments. Four if you count his voice, which has some of the same properties as his playing. Even when the guitar is playing melodically, the attack on the high strings is like the strike on a snare drum. As we know, other guitarists had discovered the instrument’s percussive properties, but that was mostly done on the low strings, as in the boom-chicka-chicka of Maybelle Carter’s playing on the Carter Family’s recordings or various blues guitarists. Berry was the first one I can think of where you can hear the pick strike the top two strings. The standard in jazz and pop music of the time was a sort of liquid sound–think Chet Atkins or Les Paul–so this was a departure. In the bridge on “Johnny B. Goode,” when Lafayette Leake (and not the usual Johnny Johnson, which surprised me) assails those high chords on piano and then the guitar comes in, that sound cuts to the bone. And we like it.
His shorter poems were outstanding; Omeros, his mashup of the two Homeric epics that revolved around rival Caribbean fishermen, was mind-blowing. And without him, I would have no idea where St. Lucia is.
Even people who don’t know anything about Julius Caesar, the man or the play, have heard of the Ides of March. But what the heck is that? It turns out that ides occurred in every month around the midpoint; these days were sacred to Jupiter. The long months (March, May, October, November) had 31 days and their ides fell on the 15th. The shorter months had 29 days except February, which normally had 28 but some years had only 23 (don’t ask, because I can’t tell), and the ides for those months fell on the 13th. Why the odd figuring of a midpoint? No idea, but I think it has something to do with using Superbowl numerals. By the way, the Roman calendar only accounted for 304 days, so there were sixty or so orphan days between the end of one year’s worth of months (the end of December) and the beginning of the next (the start of March), and those days were assigned to no month at all. I can’t tell where they placed February or quite when it started. I think their problems trace back to drinking wine from lead vessels. Aren’t you glad you never wonder about such things?
Many years ago, D. H. Lawrence wrote an essay with the above title (minus “Redux,” of course). The occasion was a situation that caused him to kill a porcupine on the ranch in New Mexico where he and his wife lived for a time. The killing was messy, beginning with a botched shot with a .22 and ending with a cedar post. The essay was cleaner, beginning with the backstory and ending with philosophical and political, not all of them entirely happy by modern standards. Still, it is well worth the read, especially for those–which is to say nearly everyone these days–who knows Lawrence only as the author of a dirty book and perhaps disappointed that the book in question proved less than its reputation.
I was reminded of the essay yesterday when I was called upon to dispatch a fox squirrel, mostly denuded by mange, clinging to a viburnum branch, barely able to move, and moaning piteously as it suffered the last stages of hypothermia. Denied the use of a .22 (suburbs, hardscaping, ricochet, neighbors), I was reduced to a shovel. The whole affair was managed at least as badly as Lawrence’s, and there was not the least thing literary about it.